Ensuring Convention Standards
The new principles of execution of European Court of Human Rights judgments imply not only the formal execution of requirements set by the judgments but also the implementation of international and European standards into the national legislative system. This means that the process of executing European Court’s judgments must be treated comprehensively and shall not be limited to implementing only the Convention standards or the Strasbourg Court’s jurisprudence. In this respect, the UN and European conventions adopted in the framework of preventing torture, inhuman or degrading treatment or any other treatment endangering human rights, are specifically important. Thus, the provided information presents the conventions and the institutions created thereon, the requirements of which affect the proper execution of Strasbourg Court’s judgments.
The European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT)
The CPT was set up under the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment and builds on Article 3 of the European Convention. It is not an investigative body, but provides a non-judicial preventive mechanism to protect persons deprived of their liberty against torture and other forms of ill-treatment. It thus complements the judicial work of the European Court.
The Committee Against Torture (UNCAT)
The Committe Against Torture monitors implementation of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment by its State parties. Committee performs its monitoring functions through the reporting procedure, considering individual complaints, undertaking inquiries and considering inter-state complaints.
Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture (SPT)
The Optional Protocol to the Convention for the Prevention of Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment created the Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture (SPT). It has a mandate to visit places where persons are deprived of their liberty in the States Parties. It provides assistance and advice to States Parties on the establishment of National Preventive Mechanisms, which they are required to establish Under the Optional Protocol.